Understanding Psychopathy

BrainDuring an interview, Ted Bundy, a notorious serial killer and necrophiliac, once said, “I don’t feel guilty for anything. I feel sorry for people who feel guilt.”

I am fascinated by what creates monsters, and today, murderer’s market delves into the darkness, in hopes of understanding it.

During a conversation at a brunch this past weekend, I had the opportunity to discuss psychopathy, and all though all psychopaths or those suffering from psychopathy are not murderers, I find that giving my characters true characteristics and traits, helps to create three-dimensional characters. As such, when I write, I try to create well-rounded characters that speak, and it is then necessary to understand my character’s traits and personality, or it can turn into a gazelle being trapped with a lion type of situation.

According to a recent article from Psychology Today, called  What is a Psychopath?, the term psychopath is used in reference to “a more serious disorder, linked to genetic traits, producing more dangerous individuals, while continuing to use “sociopath” to refer to dangerous people who are seen more as products of their environment, including their upbringing. Other researchers make a distinction between “primary psychopaths,” who are thought to be genetically caused, and “secondary psychopaths,” seen as more a product of their environments.” What this means to me is that some psychopaths are such because of nature, while others are created through nurture, or life’s experiences, which reminds me of the age old debate and discussion of nature versus nurture in that can a psychopath be made.

According to the article,Dr. Robert Hare: Expert on the Psychopath, by Katherine Ramsland, Robert D. Hare, Ph.D, an expert on psychopathy and the developer of the psychopathic checklist revisited,  and his associates clarified  the known diagnostic criteria and offered potential approaches for assessing and treatment psychopathy. Psychopathy is characterized by some of the following traits:

  • lack of remorse or empathy
  • shallow emotions
  • manipulativeness
  • lying
  • egocentricity
  • glibness
  • low frustration tolerance
  • episodic relationships
  • parasitic lifestyle
  • persistent violation of social norms

Just as in the quote from Ted Bundy as stated above, and his lack of feelings of guilt, Hare does describe cases of conscienceless killers who appeared to show no human feeling for their victims. The violence  of the psychopath “is likely to be more predatory, motivated by identifiable goals, and carried out in a calculated manner without an emotional context. They tend not to commit crimes of passion, such as during a domestic dispute or extreme arousal…. Because they don’t understand the feelings of others and don’t feel remorseful for harming them, psychopaths can easily rationalize their violence or deception as acceptable behavior.” See Dr. Robert Hare: Expert on the Psychopath.

The discussion of psychopathy, as provided by Ramsland in her article on Hare, provides great gems, which I find intriguing for my research, including:

“Some theorists believe that psychopaths may be motivated by weak emotions breaking through weaker restraints.They may simply be reacting, showing off or exerting control as a means of proving themselves. For the most part, their crimes are cold-blooded, and they felt excited by them rather than guilty. In those who are serial killers, there appears to be a strong tendency toward sadism.”

AND

“The point is, these offenders find victims easily because they were glib, charming, manipulative, and predatory, while their victims are generally naive. Psychopaths would realize less success if their targeted victims were savvier.”

And, of course,

“Hare does not think that psychopathy is caused by brain damage.Instead, he says, “there are anomalies in the way psychopaths process information.”

With this in mind, I continued my research to look at law enforcement, and how they are dealing with psychopathy. According to a 2012 FBI Bulletin, “Psychopaths are incapable of identifying with or caring about the emotional pain that they have caused victims or their families, so any strategy to appeal to the psychopath’s conscience probably will be met with failure and frustration.” See: The Language of Psychopaths This then means that the usual tactics used during police interrogations will not be as successful with the psychopath as with the the non-psychopath. As Hare stated earlier, psychopaths are calculated in what they do. It appears to be a game of chess, where the thrill is not just the violence they perpetuate, but also the game of cat and mouse they think they are playing well.

My research continues to take me to uncharted territory, for me at least, as I create plots, and come to understand the diverse thinking of the characters, who’ve appeared. As my series moves from plot to character driven, I can’t wait to see what these unique characters are capable of doing next.

And you? What are your thoughts on psychopathy? Do you agree with Hare and the FBI? What tips or tricks are needed to stay safe, and how do you deal with the psychopaths in your life? Leave a comment below!

For additional reading, please see:

The Charming Psychopath
Dr. Robert Hare: Expert on the Psychopath by Katherine Ramsland
The Language of Psychopaths

 ________________

Just TinaAs a crime fiction writer, Tina Glasneck loves into her research, and enjoys creating characters filled with unique goals, personalities and traits. Her research often proves useful and not just for creating fiction. It is not just about learning something new, but also learning something useful. Learn more about Tina at www.TinaGlasneck.com 

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14 thoughts on “Understanding Psychopathy

  1. Excellent comments. In my current book the main character, not the protagonist, stands out most – he has all the qualities you mention here. Thelma Straw in Manhattan

    • Thanks Thelma for stopping by. I’m learning that part of the fun is the research and learning about psychopathy helps me to understand the psychopath I created, and maybe even fine tune some of the the things he does. I can’t wait to see what he does tonight, now that I have this new information to make him even more diabolical. 🙂

  2. Ooh, I love it. I was about to ask if they cannot empathize or understand the emotions of those they target what is their motivation–but then you mentioned the “cat and mouse game” mentality. Great article. Need to follow up on the links you’ve provided!

    • Thanks so much for stopping by. You’ve given me an idea for another blog post regarding the psychopath’s motivation and the illusion of grandeur! The illusion of grandeur actually accompanies other disorders too. According to an article by John Grohol, “It is most often a symptom of schizophrenia, but can also be a symptom found in psychotic or bipolar disorders.” http://psychcentral.com/encyclopedia/2008/delusion-of-grandeur/

  3. 2nd attempt! I was about to ask if a psychopath cannot empathize or comprehend his victims emotions what would be his motivation but then you answered it with the mention of the “cat and mouse game” mentality which then goes toward egoism. Great article! Need to follow up with the links you’ve provided!

    • Thanks Polly for stopping by and commenting. Research is half of the fun when it comes to writing, right? 🙂

  4. Interesting, Tina1 I have a friend who did research into the types of women who fall victim to abusive men, how the men pick up on their body language and choose them (probably subconsciously). The more I read about the human mind, the more I’m intrigued. Great post.

  5. Thanks for blogging about this subject, Tina. I follow Dr. Kat Ramsland and love her work, and it’s also useful to hear from lay people. Both of the books that are currently in process have people with psychopathic or sociopathic characteristics. (Thriller vs mystery)

    • Thanks for stopping by. I believe when creating those complex characters, it always helps to look at the great research of those experts in psychology. Dr. Ramsland is a great help, and I don’t know where I’d be in my understanding of this difficult topic without expert advice. 🙂

    • Thanks Denise! I think since research is a part of the day job, I can’t help but share what I’ve learned. Every time I find something useful, I’m overjoyed!

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